General Information


Official Name

Republic of Armenia

Geographic Coordinates

40.0 North, 45.0 East


South-western Asia, east of Turkey


Total - 29,800 square kilometres, Land - 28 400 square kilometres
Water - 1,400 square kilometresimages (15).jpg

Land boundaries

Total: 1,254 square kilometres. Border countries: Azerbaijan 787 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km


None – Landlocked


Armenian Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers and natural lakes

Elevation extremes

Most of the territory lays on 900-1500 metre above sea level with: lowest point: Debed River - 400 m
highest point: Aragats Lernagagat - 4,090 m


Highland continental, relatively hot summers and cold winters

Political System


Independence Declared (from Soviet Union)

21 September 1991

Administrative Territorial Division

11 Marzes (provinces) including Yerevan

Capital City

Yerevan (population 1.1 million as of the cencus of 2001)


3.2 million as od the Census of 2001


Armenian 93%, Russian 2%, other (mostly Yezidi Kurds) 4%.


Armenian - official language. Russian largely spoken, English widely spoken in Tourist and Service Outlets.


Christian - Armenian Apostolic 94%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (Zoroastrian/animist) 2%.


Liberal Market

Economic Growth (real GDP growth)

Year 2005 - 10.1%, Year 2006 - 11.9%

GDP per capita (PPP in US$)

4,100 in 2005    


Dram (AMD), Exchange rate 408 AMD - 1 US$, 505 AMD - 1 EURO (Mar 2012)

Electricity Voltage and Frequency

AC 220 V, 50 Hz


GMT + 4 hrs


No major custom restrictions

Armenian Embassies, Consulates And Representations

For up-to-date information on Armenian embassies, consulates and representations please visit the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' web site and look up its Embassies web page.

Visa Requirements

For citizens of European countries, US, Canada, Japan, Korea, Australia, etc, visas may be obtained upon arrival at Zvartnots airport or at Armenian consulates and embassies in respective countries. You are also encouraged to request an Armenian E-Visa electronically via Internet at



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